ImageDe afgelopen weken heeft de organisatie van Landloze Boeren in Brazilië (Movimento Dos Sem Terra, MST) een indrukwekkende hoeveelheid acties en bezettingen uitgevoerd. De repressie is navenant. De boerenbeweging verzet zich met name tegen de industrialisering van de landbouw en de toename van de verbouw van suikerriet voor biobrandstof door agromultinationals. Ook worden acties van inheemse bevolking en tegen de aanleg van stuwdammen (die grote stukken grond onder water zetten) ondersteund.

 

Er zijn acties geweest in 13 verschillende deelstaten. In Espirito Santo werd door zo'n 500 mensen gedemonstreerd bij de plek waar een nieuwe ethanolfabriek gebouwd wordt, eigendom van het buitenlandse bedrijf Infinity Bio-Energy (gevestigd op de Bermudas). Dit bedrijf heeft nu alle ethanolfabrieken in het noorden van de staat in bezit. Er staat al 40.000 hectare suikerriet aangeplant, en deze oppervlakte zal de komende jaren verdubbelen.

Ondertussen (verklaart de beweging) "zit de landhervorming geheel in het slop en wordt er geen vordering gemaakt met het demarkeren (=als 'reservaat' toewijzen) van gronden voor de traditionele Quilombola gemeenschappen."

Een andere actie gebeurde in de hoofdstad Vitória, waar zo'n 300 mensen bijeenkwamen bij vestigingen van de multinationale supermarketbedrijven Carrefour en Walmart. Ze deelden informatie uit over de rol die deze bedrijven spelen bij het overheersen van de wereldwijde handel in voedsel. Ook verkochten ze gezonde landbouwproducten van kleine lokale producenten.

Op de website van de MST zijn dagelijks nieuwe acties en bezettingen te lezen (in de Portugese taal).

Ondanks het feit dat de progressieve Lula aan de macht is, is de repressie tegen de boerenactivisten hevig. Op deze video kun je bijvoorbeeld de politie in Porto Alegre (was dat niet de thuisbasis van het Wereld Sociaal Forum) bezig zien.

Op 3 juni werd een kampement van MST-leden in Viamão (Rio Grande do Sul) ontruimd door zwaarbewapend contigent militaire politie ontruimd.

In dit bericht staat een video die laat zien hoe vorig jaar een activist vermoord wordt door een beveiligingsbedrijf dat in dienst is van de multinational Syngenta.

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Op de algemene ledenvergadering van de boerenbeweging werd een uitgebreide verklaring aangenomen onder de titel: Waarom we Mobiliseren? Wij willen voedsel produceren. Tegen agrobusiness, ter verdediging van de gezinslandbouw.

De engelse vertaling:

ASSEMBLÉIA POPULAR 

Why do we mobilize?

WE WANT TO PRODUCE FOOD

Against agribusiness, in defence of family farming

The current economic model, sustained by agribusiness and the domination of financial capital, wants to transform food, seeds and all natural resources into commodities, in order to satisfy and protect the interests, profits and greed of big multinational companies.

  To achieve that, financial groups seek to dominate land, water and biodiversity resources through privatization of this common patrimony. These are the same groups that destroy forests and land with the expansion of monocultures and increase the exploitation of labour force by disrespecting the relevant legislation and contributing, therefore, to unemployment, poverty and violence.

Thus, agribusiness promotes wealth accumulations in the hands of the few privileged, especially those behind banks and transnational corporations, while the general population faces increasing poverty and social unrest. It is necessary and urgent to resist this oppressive and destructive logic. Therefore we:

I - denounce the current agriculture model which:

1. favours the interests of transnational corporations which, in collaboration with big land owners seek to dominate agriculture and profit excessively from food and seeds production and commercialization;

2. prioritizes monoculture in vast extensions of land, affecting the environment adversely through land erosion and excessive use of agrochemicals;

3. stimulates eucalyptus and pine monocultures which eliminate biodiversity and cause pollution of native ecosystems, unemployment and social disintegration in the rural, indigenous and quilombo communities;

4. promotes the expansion of sugarcane monoculture and ethanol production for the international markets, leading to high food prices and land concentration in the hands of the international capital;

5. expands the use of transgenic crops which destroy biodiversity, eliminate native seeds, cause damage to the health of farmers and consumers alike and places the seeds market under the political and economic control of transnational corporations;

6. promotes the deforestation of our native biomes, in particular the Amazon and Cerrado forests, through cattle farming, eucalyptus, soy and sugarcane monocultures, timber and minerals extraction;

II- are against:

1. the transnational corporations, agribusinesses, deputies, congressmen and parties which defend big economic interests and approve projects that can only deteriorate the current situation;

2. the law allowing the concession of public forests which leads to the privatization of biodiversity and the draft law nº 6.424/05 submitted by senator Flexa Ribeiro (PSDB-PA), which reduces the size of Legal Amazon from 80% to 50%;

3. the Provisionary Measure nº 422/08 which legalizes areas invaded by big agribusinesses in the Amazon and reach even 1500 hectares, while the Constitution sets 50 hectares as the maximum limit;

4. the Provisionary Measure that allows employment of up to three months to be unregistered. We condemn the impunity regarding slave and child labour and the disrespect to labour and social security legislation;

5. the Constitutional Amendment Project nº 49/06 submitted by senator Sérgio Zambiasi (PTB-RS), which seeks to reduce the width of the frontiers strip restricted from foreign investment which will favour enormously transnational companies;

6. the project for the diversion of Rio São Francisco, which will benefit only big agriculture and water businesses which produce commodities for the international market and not for the population of the semiarid northeast;

7. the privatization of water resources and the creation of monopolies dominated by transnational corporations such as Nestlé, Coca-Cola and Suez;

8. the current energy model based on big hydroelectric plants throughout Brazil and the Amazon region in particular, which hands the energy sovereignty of the country to  transnational corporations and electro-intensive industries;

III - want:

1. a new agriculture model based on family farming, agrarian reform, wealth redistribution and the permanence of people in the rural areas;

  2. to combat the concentration of land and natural resources, through the dismantling of latifundia and the definition of a maximum limits for the extension of rural properties;

2. to guarantee that agriculture is controlled by the Brazilian people and secures the food sovereignty of the country, through small farmers cooperatives producing healthy food;

3. to diversify agricultural production with respect to the environment through a sound agroecological model;

  4. to preserve the environment, biodiversity and water resources with particular attention to the Guarani aquifer;

5. to completely halt the devastation of the Amazon and other Brazilian biomes and preserve natural resources through sustainable use in favour of the people. We defend the collective right of sustainable use of the Babaçu forests;

6. to preserve, multiply and improve native crops from all different biomes and guarantee access to them for all small farmers;

7. to fight for the immediate approval and implementation of the law determining the appropriation of all rural properties using slave labour, and the definition of heavy fines for land owners that disrespect the labour and social security legislation;

  8. the implementation of the policy proposal from the National Water Agency, which foresees investments in all municipalities of the semiarid region, to deal with the lack of adequate and sufficient water for the local population;

9. to prevent that water resources become a mere commodity and establish that water is managed as a public good;

10. the implementation of a new energy model which secures the energy sovereignty of all the Brazilian people and prioritizes social development, though the rational use of energy from small hydroelectric plants and the sustainable production of agrofuels from small farmers and their cooperatives;

11. the Federal Government to authorize Incra (National Institute of Colonization and Agrarian Reform) to restart the demarcation of all areas belonging historically to quilombo communities;

12. the immediate demarcation of all indigenous areas and the expulsion of all illegal farmers that have invaded these territories and in particular the reserve Raposa Serra do Sol and the Guarani indigenous territory in the State of Mato Grosso do Sul. 

  The Lula government has to honour its promise for Agrarian Reform and comply with its political program of 2002, which foresaw the immediate settlement of landless families camped in makeshift huts and the construction of at least 100.000 houses per year in order to reduce the rural exodus. Our struggle is for the fair society based on equality and democracy where wealth is distributed equally to all.

VIA CAMPESINA

POPULAR ASSEMBLY